Thursday, May 21, 2009
Sultan Bahu (ca 1628 - 1691) was a Muslim Sufi and saint, who founded the Sarwari Qadiri sufi order. Sultan Bahu belonged to Awan tribe. Awans are the descendants of Ali. Like many other sufi saints of the Indian subcontinent, Sultan Bahu was also a prolific writer, with more than forty books on Sufism attributed to him. However, as the majority of his books deal with specialised subjects related to Islam and islamic mysticism, it is his Punjabi poetry that has generated popular appeal and made him a household name in the region. His poetic verses are sung in many genres of sufi music, including qawaalis and kaafis. Tradition has established a particular style of singing his couplets, which is not used in any other genre of sufi music. The Mausoleum of Sultan Bahu is located in Garh Maharaja, Punjab, Pakistan. It is a popular and frequently-visited sufi shrine, and the annual festival is celebrated with the usual fervour, which is now a distinguishing feature of what is being called a 'shrine culture' of the Indian subcontinent
Sultan Bahu belonged to the Qadiri sufi order, and later initiated his own offshoot, Sarwari Qadiri.
Sultan Bahu refers to Muhiyuddin Abdul Qadir Jilani as his spiritual Master in a number of his books and poetry, but it is obvious that this relationship must have existed purely in the spiritual domain, as Abdul Qadir Jilani passed away before the birth of Sultan Bahu. However, a majority of Sufi orders and saints maintain that Abdul Qadir Jilani has a special role in the mystic world and thus all orders and saints are always indebted to him directly or indirectly in some way.
Sultan Bahu's education began at the feet of his mother, Mai Rasti, who was herself a saintly woman, and has her own Mouselem in Shorkot, Pakistan. She told him to seek spiritual guidance from Sheikh Habibullah Qaderi. After some time, Sheikh Habibullah sent him to Delhi for further 'polishing' under the guidance of Sheikh Abdul Rehman al Qaderi. This did not take long, after which Sultan Bahu returned to his own, familiar surroundings.
The complete spiritual lineage (Silsila) of Sultan Bahu is as follows:
Ali ibn Abi Talib
Ameer Zubair ibn Ali
Shah Habib Al Ajami
Sari As Saqäti
Shaykh Junayd Baghdadi
Walid Abdul Wahid
Abul Farrah Yusuf
Sheikh bu Hassan
Sheikh bu Saeed Al Mubarak
Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani
The actual number of books written by Sultan Bahu is not certain. According to tradition, he is supposed to have authored over one hundred works and treatises. The following is a list of the important works of Sultan Bahu that still exist today, and can be traced back to him with credibility.
Nurul Huda, Risala-e-Roohi, Aql Baidaar, Mahq-ul-Fuqara, Qurb nnvnvn, Aurang-Shaahi, Jami-il-Asraar, Taufiq-Hedaayat, Kaleed Tauheed, Ainul Faqr, Shamsul Arifeen, Magzane Faiz, Ameerul Quonain, Asrare Qaderi, Kaleed Jannat, Muhqamul Fuqara, Majaalis-tun Nabi, Muftahul Arifeen, Hujjatul Asraar, Jannatul Firdaus, Kash-ful Asraar, Risaala Ruhi Shareef, Abyaat Bahu (poetry), Muhabbatul Asraar, Ganjul Asraar, Dewaan Bahu, Panj Ganj, Fazlul Laqa, Jhook Sultany, Ameerul Mumineen
Of the above, Nurul Huda (Light of Guidance) and Risala-e-Roohi (Book of Soul) are the most popular, along with the poetry collection Abiyaate Bahu.
Complete collection of Sarwari Qadri books, available to read online and download. These books are written by Hadrat Sultan Bahu, his descendants and khulifas.
Friday, May 15, 2009
Mausoleums and Shrines of Religious leaders
Below is a list of a few Shrines and mausoleums of Muslim Religious leaders and Saints that were involved in Religion of pre-independence and post-independence Pakistan. This is in no way limited to:
The shrine of usman marwandi (qalandar lal shahbaz) in sehwan sharif sindh.
The shrine of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai at bhittshah near hyderabad sindh.
The Shrine of Syed Abul Hassan Bin Usman Bin Ali Al-Hajweri at the Data Durbar Complex in Lahore, Pakistan.
The Shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi (Patron Saint of Karachi) in Karachi, Pakistan.
The Shrine of Bibi Pak Daman (Shrine of the 'Six Holy Ladies') in Lahore, Pakistan.
Shrine of Hazrat Mir Jani Shah Sarkar in Peshawar, NWFP, Pakistan
Shrine of Hazrat Shah Qabool Aulia in Peshawar, NWFP, Pakistan
The Shrine of Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Shams-ud-Din(Shams-ul-Aarfeen) Sialvi Sial Sharif
The holy shrine of Syed Jamat ali shah lasani and syed pir Ali Hussain shah naqsh_e_lasani,Pir Hafiz Syed Abid Hussain shah Naqsha-e-Naqsh-e-Lasani, Alipur Syedan Sharif, Narowal
The holy shrine of Hazrat Pir Sher Muhammad, Sharqpur Sharif, Sheikhupura.
The holy shrine of Hazarat pir syed Jamat Ali Shah(Ameer-e-millat)in Ali Pur Sharief Sialkot
The Holy Shrine of Hazarat Pir Syed Faiz-ul Hassan Shah in Allomahar shrief in sialkot on sialkot gujranwala road.Pir Syed Faiz ul Hasan a famous religious scholar and speaker of islam known as Khatib ul Islam .Here are also sherines of islamic piouses Pir Syed Muhammad Channan Shah Nuri,Pir Syed Amin Shah,Syed Muhammad Hussain Shah and syed Khalid Hasan Shah.
Hz Imam Ali ul Haq, Sialkot
The Shrine of Pir Meher Ali Shah at Golra Sharif in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The shrine of Hazrat Pir Aftab Ahmed Qasmi and Hazrat Pir Zahid Khan at Mohra sharif Murree Rawalpindi Punjab Pakistan
The Shrine of Pir Muhammad Qasim and Pir Nazir Ahmad at Mohra Sharif near Murree, Pakistan.
The Shrine of Shah Jamal in Lahore, Pakistan.
The Shrine of Hazrat Pir Syed Ismail Ali Shah Bukhari in Karmanwala Sharif, District Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.
The Shrine of Daud Bandagi Kirmani in Shergarh, District Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.
Abdullah Shah Ghazi Mazar (mausoleum of Karachi's sufi saint), Karachi
The Shrine of Hazrat Shah Yusuf Gardez in Multan.
The Shrine of Hazrat Pir Syed Noor-Ul-Hassan Shah,Kailianwala Sharif, Gujranwala.
The Shrine of Ghouse_e_Yegana Hazarat Pir syed Naseeb Ali Shah,Challay Sharief Gujrat
The Shrine of Pir Syed Walait Ali Shah,Gujrat
The Shrine of Hazrat Khawja Pir Muhammad Karam Hussain Alqadri Mangani Sharif Jhang, Pakistan
The mausoleum of Shams-ud-Din, commonly known as Shah Shams Tabrez is located about half a mile to the east of the Fort Site, on the high bank of the old bed of the river Ravi, at Multan.
The Shrine of ‘Lal Shahbaz Qalandar’, Syed Muhammad Usman, at Sehwan Sharif, near Larkana.
The Shrine of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, Village Bhit Shah, Hala, near Hyderabad.
The Shrine of Abdul Wahab Faruqi (Sachal Sarmast), Darza, Khairpur.
The Shrine of Hazrat Jalaluddin Bukhari (Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht), Uch Sharif, Punjab.
The Shrine of Shah Abdul Latif Kazmi (Barri Shah Latif), Islamabad.
The Shrine of Shah Hussain (and Madho Lal), Lahore.
The Shrine of Lahoot Sharif (Lahoot-i-Lamakan), Lasbela, Balouchistan.
The Shrine of Shah Syed Ali,village shah syed ali,Hyderabad Thal near Tehsil Mankera,on Bhakkar Road,Punjab.
Friday, May 8, 2009
Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai (1689–1752) was a Sufi scholar and saint, and is considered one of the greatest poets of the Sindhi language He settled in the town of Bhit Shah in Matiari, Pakistan where his shrine is located. His most famous written work is the Shah Jo Risalo, which is a master-piece of Sindhi Literature as well. The major themes of his poetry include Unity of God, love for Prophet, religious tolerance and humanistic values.
Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai was born in 1689 in Hala Haveli's village Sui-Qandar located near Hyderabad, Pakistan. Shah Abdul Latif was son of Syed Habibullah and grandson of Syed Abdul Quddus Shah.
The early life
Most of the information that has come down to us has been collected from oral traditions. A renowned Pakistani scholar, educationist, and a foremost writer of plays, dramas and stories, Mirza Kalich Beg has rendered a yeoman service to Sindhi literature by collecting details about the early life of Shah Bhitai, from the dialogues that he has constantly held with some of the old folks, still living at that time, who knew these facts from their fathers and grandfathers for they had seen Shah Latif in person and had even spoken to him.
“ "The next day I sat down, and listened to the Story of the 'Vairagis.' Their salmon-coloured clothes were covered with dust. Their hair-bands were worn out. They had let their hair grow quite long. The lonely ones never talk to anyone about their being. These 'Nanga' are content and happy. They move about unmarked amongst the common folk." ........Shah Latif Bhitai
He was born around 1689 CE (1102 A.H.) to Shah Habib in the village Sui-Qandar a few miles to the east of the present town of Bhit Shah (named after him), on Safar 14, 1102 A.H. ie November 18, 1690 CE. He died at Bhit Shah on Safar 14, 1165 A.H., ie January 3, 1752 CE. In his memory, every year, on 14th Safar of the Hijri Calendar, an Urs is held at Bhit Shah, where he spent the last years of his life and where his elaborate and elegant mausoleum stands.
Latif got his early education in the school (maktab) of Akhund Noor Muhammad in basic Persian (the government language at that time) and Sindhi (local spoken language). He also learned the Qu'ran. His correspondence in Persian with contemporary scholar Makhdoom Moinuddin Thattavi, as contained in the Risala-i-Owaisi, bears witness to his scholastic competence.
“ "Beloved's separation kills me friends, At His door, many like me, their knees bend. From far and near is heard His beauty's praise, My Beloved's beauty is perfection itself." .....Bhitai [Sur Yaman Kalyan]
Quest for religious truths
In quest of religious truths, Shah Bhitai travelled to many parts of Sindh and also went to the bordering lands. He kept himself aloof from the political scene of favouritism and intrigues which was going on at the height of the power and rule of Kalhoras in Sindh. Instead of visiting towns and cities, in political canvassing, to serve the purpose of the rulers and elite of the land, though he was much respected by the members of the dynasty and could have benefited from it, he went to hills, valleys, the banks of river, and the fields, where he met the ordinary simple people, the sufis (mystics). He went to the Ganjo Hills in the south of Hyderabad for contemplation, and then to mountains in Las Bela in the south of Sindh and Balochistan. For three years, he travelled with these jogis and sanyasis, in search of the truth, peace, and harmony, to Hinglay, Lakhpat, Nani at the foot of the Himalayas and to Sappar Sakhi. At several places in the Risalo, mention has been made of these jogis and of his visits to these wonderful, holy and peaceful places. The two surs, Ramkali and Khahori, describe them under various endearing names and a detailed account of the jogis' lifestyle is given. He also travelled to such far away places as Junagardh, Jesalmere and parts of the Thar desert.
“ "In deserts, wastes and Jessalmir it has rained, Clouds and lightning have come to Thar's plains; Lone, needy women are now free from care, Fragrant are the paths, happy herdsmen's wives all this share." ..........Bhitai [Sur Sarang]
The Seven Queens of Sindh
The women of Shah Abdul Latif’s poetry are known as the Seven Queens, heroines of Sindhi folklore who have been given the status of royalty in the Shah Jo Risalo. The Seven Queens were celebrated throughout Sindh for their positive qualities: their honesty, integrity, piety and loyalty. They were also valued for their bravery and their willingness to risk their lives in the name of love.
Perhaps what Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai saw in his tales of these women was an idealised view of womanhood, but the truth remains that the Seven Queens inspired women all over Sindh to have the courage to choose love and freedom over tyranny and oppression. The lines from the Risalo describing their trials are sung at Sufi shrines all over Sindh, and especially at the urs of Shah Abdul Latif every year at Bhit Shah.
The Seven Queens mentioned in the Shah Jo Risalo are:
Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai is known by several honorific names - Lakhino Latif, Latif Ghot, Bhittai and Bhitt Jo ShahShah Abdul latif's deepness of poetry affiliated with the relationship between god and human is cause of his visitings at different places of the regions surrounded to him and he always feel the circumstances carried out in his premises and he feels the people mind he had such a calm and sharp mind and such things made him the gretest poet of the world, if one could seriously understand his preechings.